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DPP10 is an inactivation modulatory protein of Kv4.3 and Kv1.4.
Hong-Ling Li, Yu-Jie Qu, Yi Chun Lu, Vladimir E Bondarenko, Shimin Wang, I Martha Skerrett, Michael J Morales
Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol.,
, 291, C966-76
Voltage-gated K(+) channels exist in vivo as multiprotein complexes made up of pore-forming and ancillary subunits. To further our understanding of the role of a dipeptidyl peptidase-related ancillary subunit, DPP10, we expressed it with Kv4.3 and Kv1.4, two channels responsible for fast-inactivating K(+) currents. Previously, DPP10 has been shown to effect Kv4 channels. However, Kv1.4, when expressed with DPP10, showed many of the same effects as Kv4.3, such as faster time to peak current and negative shifts in the half-inactivation potential of steady-state activation and inactivation. The exception was recovery from inactivation, which is slowed by DPP10. DPP10 expressed with Kv4.3 caused negative shifts in both steady-state activation and inactivation of Kv4.3, but no significant shifts were detected when DPP10 was expressed with Kv4.3 + KChIP2b (Kv channel interacting protein). DPP10 and KChIP2b had different effects on closed-state inactivation. At -60 mV, KChIP2b nearly abolishes closed-state inactivation in Kv4.3, whereas it developed to a much greater extent in the presence of DPP10. Finally, expression of a DPP10 mutant consisting of its transmembrane and cytoplasmic 58 amino acids resulted in effects on Kv4.3 gating that were nearly identical to those of wild-type DPP10. These data show that DPP10 and KChIP2b both modulate Kv4.3 inactivation but that their primary effects are on different inactivation states. Thus DPP10 may be a general modulator of voltage-gated K(+) channel inactivation; understanding its mechanism of action may lead to deeper understanding of the inactivation of a broad range of K(+) channels.