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Cloning and functional expression of rat ether-à-go-go-like K+ channel genes.

B Engeland, A Neu, J Ludwig, J Roeper, O Pongs

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 1998 Dec 15 , 513 ( Pt 3), 647-54

1. Screening of rat cortex cDNA resulted in cloning of two complete and one partial orthologue of the Drosophila ether-à-go-go-like K+ channel (elk). 2. Northern blot and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis revealed predominant expression of rat elk mRNAs in brain. Each rat elk mRNA showed a distinct, but overlapping expression pattern in different rat brain areas. 3. Transient transfection of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells with rat elk1 or rat elk2 cDNA gave rise to voltage-activated K+ channels with novel properties. 4. RELK1 channels mediated slowly activating sustained potassium currents. The threshold for activation was at -90 mV. Currents were insensitive to tetraethylammonium (TEA) and 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), but were blocked by micromolar concentrations of Ba2+. RELK1 activation kinetics were not dependent on prepulse potential like REAG-mediated currents. 5. RELK2 channels produced currents with a fast inactivation component and HERG-like tail currents. RELK2 currents were not sensitive to the HERG channel blocker E4031.