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Localization of a gene for benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy to chromosome 8q23.3-q24.1.

M Mikami, T Yasuda, A Terao, M Nakamura, S Ueno, H Tanabe, T Tanaka, T Onuma, Y Goto, S Kaneko, A Sano

Am. J. Hum. Genet., 1999 Sep , 65, 745-51

Benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy is an autosomal dominant idiopathic epileptic syndrome characterized by adult-onset tremulous finger movement, myoclonus, epileptic seizures, and nonprogressive course. It was recently recognized in Japanese families. In this study, we report that the gene locus is assigned to the distal long arm of chromosome 8, by linkage analysis in a large Japanese kindred with a maximum two-point LOD score of 4.31 for D8S555 at recombination fraction of 0 (maximum multipoint LOD score of 5.42 for the interval between D8S555 and D8S1779). Analyses of recombinations place the locus within an 8-cM interval, between D8S1784 and D8S1694, in which three markers, D8S1830, D8S555, and D8S1779, show no recombination with the phenotypes. Although three other epilepsy-related loci on chromosome 8q have been recognized-one on chromosome 8q13-21 (familial febrile convulsion) and two others on chromosome 8q24 (KCNQ3 and childhood absence epilepsy)-the locus assigned here is distinct from these three epilepsy-related loci. This study establishes the presence of a new epilepsy-related locus on 8q23.3-q24.11.