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Skeletal muscle Kv7 (KCNQ) channels in myoblast differentiation and proliferation.

Meritxell Roura-Ferrer, Laura Solé, Ramón Martínez-Mármol, Núria Villalonga, Antonio Felipe

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2008 May 16 , 369, 1094-7

Voltage-dependent K(+) channels (Kv) are involved in myocyte proliferation and differentiation by triggering changes in membrane potential and regulating cell volume. Since Kv7 channels may participate in these events, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether skeletal muscle Kv7.1 and Kv7.5 were involved during proliferation and myogenesis. Here we report that, while myotube formation did not regulate Kv7 channels, Kv7.5 was up-regulated during cell cycle progression. Although, Kv7.1 mRNA also increased during the G(1)-phase, pharmacological evidence mainly involves Kv7.5 in myoblast growth. Our results indicate that the cell cycle-dependent expression of Kv7.5 is involved in skeletal muscle cell proliferation.