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A new subunit of the cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channel in retinal rods.

T Y Chen, Y W Peng, R S Dhallan, B Ahamed, R R Reed, K W Yau

Nature, 1993 Apr 22 , 362, 764-7

Retinal rods respond to light with a membrane hyperpolarization produced by a G-protein-mediated signalling cascade that leads to cyclic GMP hydrolysis and the consequent closure of a cGMP-gated channel that is open in darkness. A protein that forms this channel has recently been purified from bovine retina and molecularly cloned, suggesting that the native cGMP-gated channel might be a homo-oligomer. Here we report the cloning of another protein from human retina which has only about 30% overall identity to the rod channel subunit. This protein, immunocytochemically localized to rod outer segments, does not form functional channels by itself. However, when co-expressed with the cloned human rod channel protein, it introduces rapid flickers to the channel openings that are characteristic of the native channel. The hetero-oligomeric channel is also highly sensitive to the blocker L-cis-diltiazem, like the native channel. This new protein thus seems to be another subunit of the native rod channel. The hetero-oligomeric nature of the rod channel means that it is no exception to a common motif shared by other ligand-gated channels.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7682292