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Changes in the inactivation of rat Kv1.4 K(+) channels induced by varying the number of inactivation particles.

Y Hashimoto, K Nunoki, H Kudo, K Ishii, N Taira, T Yanagisawa

J. Biol. Chem., 2000 Mar 31 , 275, 9358-62

N-type inactivation of rat Kv1.4 channels with one, two, or four inactivation balls was investigated using homogeneous populations of channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Tandem dimeric and tetrameric constructs of Kv1.4 were made. Channels encoded by tandem cDNAs Kv1. 4-Kv1.4Delta1-145 and Kv1.4-[Kv1.4Delta1-145](3) have two or only one tethered inactivation ball, respectively, whereas Kv1.4 itself encodes channels having four inactivation balls. The time constants for inactivation of macroscopic currents were increased significantly as the number of inactivation balls was decreased, whereas the time constants for recovery from inactivation were not modified. The ratios of the rate constants of inactivation (k(inact)) of Kv1.4-Kv1.4Delta1-145 and Kv1.4-[Kv1.4Delta1-145](3) channels to that of the Kv1.4 channel were 0.65 and 0.4, respectively, whereas the ratios of the rate constant of recovery (k(rec)) of these channels to that of Kv1.4 were almost unity. The rate constants k(inact) for channels having two and four inactivation balls are smaller than those that would be expected if inactivation balls on each channel are independent, suggesting some interaction occurs between inactivation balls. Furthermore, noninactivating current became apparent as the number of inactivation balls on a channel was decreased.