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Length-dependent regulation of the Kv1.2 channel activation by its C-terminus.

Li-Li Zhao, Aiping Wu, Li-Jun Bi, Pei Liu, Xian-En Zhang, Taijiao Jiang, Gang Jin, Zhi Qi

Mol. Membr. Biol., 2009 Apr , 26, 186-93

The cytoplasmic C-terminus plays regulatory roles in the gating of many ion channels. However, lack of structural information on the C-terminus prevents the elucidation of how the C-terminal domain interacts with the gating machinery to exert its effects on the channel gating. In this report, we investigated the regulatory role of the C-terminus with functional study and structural modeling of a succession of C-terminal truncations of the Kv1.2 and Kv1.2(427)-KcsA(112-160) chimeric channels. Functional study demonstrated a length-dependent shift of the activation curves for the C-terminal truncations of the Kv1.2 channel. Structural modeling indicated that the C-terminus of one subunit could dynamically interact with the S4-S5 linker of a neighboring subunit and the probability of interaction was dependent on the length of the C-terminal truncated Kv1.2 channels. In contrast, no length-dependent shift of the activation curve and probability of interaction between C-terminus and the neighboring S4-S5 linker were observed for the truncations of the Kv1.2-KcsA chimeric channel, suggesting that the native C-terminus of the Kv1.2 channel is essential for the interaction. Furthermore, surface plasmon resonance measurements indicated that there is direct interaction between the C-terminal domain and the S4-S5 linker of the Kv1.2 channel. These results imply that the dynamic interaction of the C-terminus with the S4-S5 linker from a neighboring subunit of the Kv1.2 channel provides a mechanism for its C-terminus to regulate the channel activation.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19247844