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Four-mode gating model of fast inactivation of sodium channel Nav1.2a.

Tobias Huth, Johann Schmidtmayer, Christian Alzheimer, Ulf-Peter Hansen

Pflugers Arch., 2008 Oct , 457, 103-19

Basic principles of the gating mechanisms of neuronal sodium channels, especially the fast inactivation process, were revealed by a quantitative analysis of the effects of the chemically irreversible modifying agent chloramine T. The compound is known to enhance the open probability of sodium channels by interfering with the inactivation process. The key for the deduction of structure-function relationships was obtained from the analysis of single-channel patch-clamp data, especially the finding that chloramine T-induced modification of inactivation occurred in four steps. These steps were termed modes 1-4 (four-mode gating model), and their temporal sequence was always the same. The kinetic analysis of single-channel traces with an improved two-dimensional dwell-time fit revealed the possible mechanism related to each mode. Similarities to the kinetics of the sodium channel mutant F1489Q led to the assignment of modes 1 and 2 to transient defects in the locking of the inactivation particle (hinged lid). In the third mode, the hinged lid was unable to lock permanently. Finally, in mode 4, the apparent single-channel current was reduced, which could be explained by fast gating, presumably related to the selectivity filter.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18425532