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Effects of charybdotoxin on K+ channel (KV1.2) deactivation and inactivation kinetics.

L K Sprunger, N J Stewig, S M O'Grady

Eur. J. Pharmacol., 1996 Oct 31 , 314, 357-64

Of particular interest for voltage-gated K+ channels are the effects of membrane voltage and pharmacologic agents on channel kinetics. We have characterized in detail properties of Kv1.2 channel expressed in oocytes as the basis for investigation of its structure-function relationships. This channel exhibited a voltage-dependent rate of activation with a V1/2 of -21 mV. Voltage-dependent steady-state inactivation overlapped the activation curve with half-maximal inactivation occurring at -22 mV. Dendrotoxin inhibited channel activation with an IC50 of 8.6 nM at + 35 mV. Charybdotoxin also blocked this K+ channel (IC50 = 5.6 nM). While dendrotoxin block was not affected by channel activation, charybdotoxin exhibited additional accumulation of block following activation, which was relieved with a time constant of 0.5 s upon repolarization of the membrane. The deactivation of this channel was accelerated in the presence of charybdotoxin while not significantly affected by dendrotoxin.