User Visitor Login
English only
EPFL > FSV > BBP > Channelpedia
Ion channels
Logged in as a Visitor.

17β-Estradiol inhibits outward voltage-gated K⁺ currents in human osteoblast-like MG63 cells.

Xiantao Li, Shouchao Zheng, Xuehai Dong, Jun Xiao

J. Membr. Biol., 2013 Jan , 246, 39-45

Previous studies have shown that 17β-estradiol has a pivotal function by blocking voltage-gated K⁺ (Kv) channels in several different types of cells such as cardiac myocytes and neurons. Outward Kv currents can also be measured in osteoblasts, although little is known about the effects of 17β-estradiol on these currents. In human osteoblast-like MG63 cells, we found that 17β-estradiol inhibits peak and end Kv currents, with IC₅₀ values of 480 and 325 nM, respectively. To elucidate the mechanism of inhibition, the kinetics of Kv currents were investigated. The half-maximum activation potential (V(½)) was 1.3 mV and was shifted left to -4.4 mV after application of 500 nM 17β-estradiol. For steady-state inactivation, the V(½) was -55.0 mV and weakly shifted left to -58.2 mV. To identify the molecular basis of outward Kv currents in MG63 cells, we performed RT-PCR analyses. The expression of Kv2.1 channels appeared to dominate over that of other Kv channels in MG63 cells. In COS-7 cells with heterologously expressed Kv2.1 channels, 17β-estradiol also inhibits macroscopic currents of Kv2.1. Our data indicate that 17β-estradiol inhibits Kv currents in human osteoblast-like MG63 cells and that Kv2.1 is a potential molecular correlate of outward Kv currents in these cells.