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Advanced Glycation End Products Impair Voltage-Gated K+ Channels-Mediated Coronary Vasodilation in Diabetic Rats.

Wen Su, Weiping Li, Hui Chen, Huirong Liu, Haixia Huang, Hongwei Li

PLoS ONE, 2015 , 10, e0142865

We have previously reported that high glucose impairs coronary vasodilation by reducing voltage-gated K+ (Kv) channel activity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are potent factors that contribute to the development of diabetic vasculopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of AGEs in high glucose-induced impairment of Kv channels-mediated coronary vasodilation.Patch-clamp recording and molecular biological techniques were used to assess the function and expression of Kv channels. Vasodilation of isolated rat small coronary arteries was measured using a pressurized myograph. Treatment of isolated coronary vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats with aminoguanidine, the chemical inhibitor of AGEs formation, was performed to determine the contribution of AGEs.Incubation of VSMCs with high glucose reduced Kv current density by 60.4 ± 4.8%, and decreased expression of Kv1.2 and Kv1.5 both at the gene and protein level, whereas inhibiting AGEs formation or blocking AGEs interacting with their receptors prevented high glucose-induced impairment of Kv channels. In addition, diabetic rats manifested reduced Kv channels-mediated coronary dilation (9.3 ± 1.4% vs. 36.9 ± 1.4%, P < 0.05), which was partly corrected by the treatment with aminoguanidine (24.4 ± 2.2% vs. 9.3 ± 1.4%, P < 0.05).Excessive formation of AGEs impairs Kv channels in VSMCs, then leading to attenuation of Kv channels-mediated coronary vasodilation.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26562843