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Voltage-independent KCNQ4 currents induced by (+/-)BMS-204352.

Rikke Louise Schrøder, Dorte Strøbaek, Søren-Peter Olesen, Palle Christophersen

Pflugers Arch., 2003 Aug , 446, 607-16

The compound BMS-204352 has been targeted for use against acute ischemic stroke, due to its activation of the large-conductance Ca2+-activated K-channel (BK). We have previously described that the racemate (+/-)BMS-204352 reversibly modulates KCNQ4 voltage dependency. Here we show that (+/-)BMS-204352 also induces a voltage-independent KCNQ4 current. The channels were stably expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293), and investigated by use of the whole-cell mode of the patch-clamp technique. (+/-)BMS-204352 was applied extracellularly (10 microM) in order to precipitate the robust appearance of the voltage-independent current. The voltage-independent KCNQ4 currents were recorded as instantaneous increases in currents upon hyperpolarizing or depolarizing voltage steps elicited from holding potentials of -90 or -110 mV. The voltage-independent current reversed at the equilibrium potential for potassium ( E(K)), hence was carried by a K+ conductance, and was blocked by the selective KCNQ channel blockers XE991 and linopirdine. Similar results were obtained with KCNQ4 channels transiently transfected into Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO). When (+/-)BMS-204352 was applied to stably expressed BK channels, only the voltage dependency was modulated. Retigabine, the classic activator of KCNQ channels, did not induce voltage-independent currents. Our data indicate that KCNQ4 channels may conduct voltage-dependent and voltage-independent currents in the presence of (+/-)BMS-204352.