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Frequency-dependent inactivation of mammalian A-type K+ channel KV1.4 regulated by Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase.

J Roeper, C Lorra, O Pongs

J. Neurosci., 1997 May 15 , 17, 3379-91

Ca2+/calmodulin dependent protein kinase (CaMKII) and protein phosphatase 2B (calcineurin) are key enzymes in the regulation of synaptic strength, controlling the phosphorylation status of pre- and postsynaptic target proteins. Here, we show that the inactivation gating of the Shaker-related fast-inactivating KV channel, Kv1.4 is controlled by CaMKII and the calcineurin/inhibitor-1 protein phosphatase cascade. CaMKII phosphorylation of an amino-terminal residue of KV1.4 leads to slowing of inactivation gating and accelerated recovery from N-type inactivated states. In contrast, dephosphorylation of this residue induces a fast inactivating mode of KV1.4 with time constants of inactivation 5 to 10 times faster compared with the CaMKII-phosphorylated form. Dephosphorylated KV1.4 channels also display slowed and partial recovery from inactivation with increased trapping of KV1.4 channels in long-absorbing C-type inactivated states. In consequence, dephosphorylated KV1.4 displays a markedly increased tendency to undergo cumulative inactivation during repetitive stimulation. The balance between phosphorylated and dephosphorylated KV1.4 channels is regulated by changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration rendering KV1.4 inactivation gating Ca2+-sensitive. The reciprocal CaMKII and calcineurin regulation of cumulative inactivation of presynaptic KV1.4 may provide a novel mechanism to regulate the critical frequency for presynaptic spike broadening and induction of synaptic plasticity.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9133364