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Temperature and redox state dependence of native Kv2.1 currents in rat pancreatic beta-cells.

Patrick E MacDonald, Anne Marie F Salapatek, Michael B Wheeler

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2003 Feb 1 , 546, 647-53

In pancreatic beta-cells, voltage-dependent K(+) (Kv) channels repolarise glucose-stimulated action potentials. Kv channels are therefore negative regulators of Ca(2+) entry and insulin secretion. We have recently demonstrated that Kv2.1 mediates the majority of beta-cell voltage-dependent outward K(+) current and now investigate the function of native beta-cell Kv2.1 channels at near-physiological temperatures (32-35 degrees C). While beta-cell voltage-dependent outward K(+) currents inactivated little at room temperature, both fast-inactivation (111.5 +/- 14.3 ms) and slow-inactivation (1.21 +/- 0.12 s) was observed at 32-35 degrees C. Kv2.1 mediates the fast-inactivating current observed at 32-35 degrees C, since it could be selectively ablated by expression of a dominant-negative Kv2.1 construct (Kv2.1N). The surprising ability of Kv2.1N to selectively remove the fast-inactivating component, together with its sensitivity to tetraethylammonium (TEA), demonstrate that this component is not mediated by the classically fast-inactivating and TEA-resistant channels such as Kv1.4 and 4.2. Increasing the intracellular redox state by elevating the cytosolic NADPH/NADP(+) ratio from 1/10 to 10/1 increased the rates of both fast- and slow-inactivation. In addition, increasing the intracellular redox state also increased the relative contribution of the fast-inactivation component from 38.8 +/- 2.1 % to 55.9 +/- 1.8 %. The present study suggests that, in beta-cells, Kv2.1 channels mediate a fast-inactivating K(+) current at physiological temperatures and may be regulated by the metabolic generation of NADPH.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12562993