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Resveratrol inhibits K(v)2.2 currents through the estrogen receptor GPR30-mediated PKC pathway.

Wen-Hao Dong, Jia-Chen Chen, Yan-Lin He, Jia-Jie Xu, Yan-Ai Mei

Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2013 Sep , 305, C547-57

Resveratrol (REV) is a naturally occurring phytoalexin that inhibits neuronal K⁺ channels; however, the molecular mechanisms behind the effects of REV and the relevant α-subunit are not well defined. With the use of patch-clamp technique, cultured cerebellar granule cells, and HEK-293 cells transfected with the K(v)2.1 and K(v)2.2 α-subunits, we investigated the effect of REV on K(v)2.1 and K(v)2.2 α-subunits. Our data demonstrated that REV significantly suppressed Kv2.2 but not Kv2.1 currents with a fast, reversible, and mildly concentration-dependent manner and shifted the activation or inactivation curve of Kv2.2 channels. Activating or inhibiting the cAMP/PKA pathway did not abolish the inhibition of K(v)2.2 current by REV. In contrast, activation of PKC with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate mimicked the inhibitory effect of REV on K(v)2.2 by modifying the activation or inactivation properties of Kv2.2 channels and eliminated any further inhibition by REV. PKC and PKC-α inhibitor completely eliminated the REV-induced inhibition of K(v)2.2. Moreover, the effect of REV on K(v)2.2 was reduced by preincubation with antagonists of GPR30 receptor and shRNA for GPR30 receptor. Western blotting results indicated that the levels of PKC-α and PKC-β were significantly increased in response to REV application. Our data reveal, for the first time, that REV inhibited K(v)2.2 currents through PKC-dependent pathways and a nongenomic action of the oestrogen receptor GPR30.