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Elucidating KChIP effects on Kv4.3 inactivation and recovery kinetics with a minimal KChIP2 isoform.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2002 Nov 15 , 545, 5-11

Kv channel interacting proteins (KChIPs) are Ca(2+)-binding proteins with four EF-hands. KChIPs modulate Kv4 channel gating by slowing inactivation kinetics and accelerating recovery kinetics. Thus, KChIPs are believed to be important regulators of Kv4 channels underlying transient outward K(+) currents in many excitable cell types. We have cloned a structurally minimal KChIP2 isoform (KChIP2d) from ferret heart. KChIP2d corresponds to the final 70 C-terminal amino acids of other KChIPs and has only one EF-hand. We demonstrate that KChIP2d is a functional KChIP that both accelerates recovery and slows inactivation kinetics of Kv4.3, indicating that the minimal C-terminus can maintain KChIP regulatory properties. We utilize KChIP2d to further demonstrate that: (i) the EF-hand modulates effects on Kv4.3 inactivation but not recovery; (ii) Ca(2+)-dependent effects on Kv4.3 inactivation are mediated through a mechanism reflected in the slow time constant of inactivation; and (iii) a short stretch of amino acids exclusive of the EF-hand partially mediates Ca(2+)-independent effects on recovery. Our results demonstrate that distinct regions of a KChIP molecule are involved in modulating inactivation and recovery. The potential ability of KChIP EF-hands to sense intracellular Ca(2+) levels and transduce these changes to alterations in Kv4 channel inactivation kinetics may serve as a mechanism allowing intracellular Ca(2+) transients to modulate repolarization. KChIP2d is a valuable tool for elucidating structural domains of KChIPs involved in Kv4 channel regulation.;

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12433945