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Mitochondrial Ca2+-activated K+ channels more efficiently reduce mitochondrial Ca2+ overload in rat ventricular myocytes.

Sung Hyun Kang, Won Sun Park, Nari Kim, Jae Boum Youm, Mohamad Warda, Jae-Hong Ko, Eun A Ko, Jin Han

Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2007 Jul , 293, H307-13

We investigated the role of the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channel, the mitochondrial big-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channel, and the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) in the ouabain-induced increase of mitochondrial Ca(2+) in native rat ventricular myocytes by loading cells with rhod 2-AM. To overload mitochondrial Ca(2+), we pretreated cells with ouabain before applying mitochondrial K(ATP) or BK(Ca) channel and/or MPTP opener. Ouabain (1 mM) increased the rhod 2-sensitive fluorescence intensity (160 +/- 5.0% of control), which was dramatically decreased to the control level on application of diazoxide and NS-1619 in a dose-dependent manner (half-inhibition concentrations of 78.3 and 7.78 muM for diazoxide and NS-1619, respectively). This effect was reversed by selective inhibition of the mitochondrial K(ATP) channel by 5-hydroxydecanoate, the mitochondrial BK(Ca) channel by paxilline, and the MPTP by cyclosporin A. Although diazoxide did not efficiently reduce mitochondrial Ca(2+) during prolonged exposure to ouabain, NS-1619 reduced mitochondrial Ca(2+). These results suggest that although mitochondrial BK(Ca) and K(ATP) channels contribute to reduction of ouabain-induced mitochondrial Ca(2+) overload, activation of the mitochondrial BK(Ca) channel more efficiently reduces ouabain-induced mitochondrial Ca(2+) overload in our experimental model.