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[Mechanism related to docosahexaenoic acid induced large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel currents increase in coronary smooth muscle cells].

Ru-xing Wang, Ku-lin Li, Chang-ying Zhang, Jie Zheng, Su-xia Guo, Ying Wu, Xiao-rong Li, Qiang Chai, Tong Lu, Hon-Chi Lee

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi, 2011 Apr , 39, 348-52

To investigate the mechanism of enhanced large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel currents (BK) in coronary smooth muscle cells (SMCs) by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).Coronary SMCs were isolated by enzyme digestion. Potassium channels in coronary SMCs were identified by applications of different potassium blockers. Effects of DHA and its metabolite 16, 17-epoxydocosapentaenoic acid (16, 17-EDP) on BK channels in the absence and presence of cytochrome P450 epoxygenase inhibitor SKF525A were studied by patch clamp in whole-cell configuration.BK channels were widely distributed in SMCs, and BK currents in normal SMCs accounted for (64.2 ± 2.7)% of total potassium currents (n = 20). DHA could activate BK channels, and its 50% effective concentration (EC(50)) was (0.23 ± 0.03) µmol/L, however, the effect of DHA on BK channels was abolished after SMCs were incubated with cytochrome P450 epoxygenase inhibitor SKF525A. 16, 17-EDP, a metabolite of DHA, could reproduce the effects of DHA on BK channels, and its EC(50) was (19.7 ± 2.8) nmol/L.DHA and metabolites can activate BK channels and dilate coronary arteries through activating cytochrome P450 epoxygenase pathway.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21624312