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Formation of the full SNARE complex eliminates interactions of its individual protein components with the Kv2.1 channel.

Sharon Tsuk, Anatoli Lvov, Izhak Michaelevski, Dodo Chikvashvili, Ilana Lotan

Biochemistry, 2008 Aug 12 , 47, 8342-9

Previously, we have demonstrated physical and functional interactions of the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv2.1 with the plasma membrane protein components of the exocytotic SNARE complex, syntaxin 1A, and the t-SNARE, syntaxin 1A/SNAP-25, complex. Importantly, the physical interaction of Kv2.1 with syntaxin was shown to be involved in the facilitation of secretion from PC12 cells, which was independent of potassium currents. Recently, we showed that also VAMP2, the vesicular SNARE, interacts physically and functionally with Kv2.1. Here, we first set out to test the interaction of the full SNARE, syntaxin/SNAP-25/VAMP2, complex with the channel. Using the interaction of VAMP2 with Kv2.1 in Xenopus oocytes as a probe, we showed that coexpression of the t-SNARE complex with VAMP2 abolished the VAMP2 effect on channel inactivation and reduced the amount of VAMP2 that coprecipitated with Kv2.1. Further, in vitro pull down assays showed that the full SNARE complex failed to interact with Kv2.1 N- and C-termini in tandem, in contrast to the individual SNARE components. This suggests that the interactions of the SNARE components with Kv2.1 are abolished upon their recruitment into a full SNARE complex, which does not interact with the channel. Other important findings arising from the in vitro study are that the t-SNARE complex, in addition to syntaxin, interacts with a specific C-terminal channel domain, C1a, shown to mediate the facilitation of release by Kv2.1 and that the presence of Kv2.1 N-terminus has crucial contribution to these interactions. These findings provide important insights into the understanding of the complex molecular events involved in the novel phenomenon of secretion facilitation in neuroendocrine cells by Kv2.1.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18636750