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State- and use-dependent block of muscle Nav1.4 and neuronal Nav1.7 voltage-gated Na+ channel isoforms by ranolazine.

Ging Kuo Wang, Joanna Calderon, Sho-Ya Wang

Mol. Pharmacol., 2008 Mar , 73, 940-8

Ranolazine is an antianginal agent that targets a number of ion channels in the heart, including cardiac voltage-gated Na(+) channels. However, ranolazine block of muscle and neuronal Na(+) channel isoforms has not been examined. We compared the state- and use-dependent ranolazine block of Na(+) currents carried by muscle Nav1.4, cardiac Nav1.5, and neuronal Nav1.7 isoforms expressed in human embryonic kidney 293T cells. Resting and inactivated block of Na(+) channels by ranolazine were generally weak, with a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) >/= 60 microM. Use-dependent block of Na(+) channel isoforms by ranolazine during repetitive pulses (+50 mV/10 ms at 5 Hz) was strong at 100 microM, up to 77% peak current reduction for Nav1.4, 67% for Nav1.5, and 83% for Nav1.7. In addition, we found conspicuous time-dependent block of inactivation-deficient Nav1.4, Nav1.5, and Nav1.7 Na(+) currents by ranolazine with estimated IC(50) values of 2.4, 6.2, and 1.7 microM, respectively. On- and off-rates of ranolazine were 8.2 microM(-1) s(-1) and 22 s(-1), respectively, for Nav1.4 open channels and 7.1 microM(-1) s(-1) and 14 s(-1), respectively, for Nav1.7 counterparts. A F1579K mutation at the local anesthetic receptor of inactivation-deficient Nav1.4 Na(+) channels reduced the potency of ranolazine approximately 17-fold. We conclude that: 1) both muscle and neuronal Na(+) channels are as sensitive to ranolazine block as their cardiac counterparts; 2) at its therapeutic plasma concentrations, ranolazine interacts predominantly with the open but not resting or inactivated Na(+) channels; and 3) ranolazine block of open Na(+) channels is via the conserved local anesthetic receptor albeit with a relatively slow on-rate.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18079277