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VAMP2 interacts directly with the N terminus of Kv2.1 to enhance channel inactivation.

Anatoli Lvov, Dodo Chikvashvili, Izhak Michaelevski, Ilana Lotan

Pflugers Arch., 2008 Sep , 456, 1121-36

Recently, we demonstrated that the Kv2.1 channel plays a role in regulated exocytosis of dense-core vesicles (DCVs) through direct interaction of its C terminus with syntaxin 1A, a plasma membrane soluble NSF attachment receptor (SNARE) component. We report here that Kv2.1 interacts with VAMP2, the vesicular SNARE partner that is also present at high concentration in neuronal plasma membrane. This is the first report of VAMP2 interaction with an ion channel. The interaction was demonstrated in brain membranes and characterized using electrophysiological and biochemical analyses in Xenopus oocytes combined with an in vitro binding analysis and protein modeling. Comparative study performed with wild-type and mutant Kv2.1, wild-type Kv1.5, and chimeric Kv1.5N/Kv2.1 channels revealed that VAMP2 enhanced the inactivation of Kv2.1, but not of Kv1.5, via direct interaction with the T1 domain of the N terminus of Kv2.1. Given the proposed role for surface VAMP2 in the regulation of the vesicle cycle and the important role for the sustained Kv2.1 current in the regulation of dendritic calcium entry during high-frequency stimulation, the interaction of VAMP2 with Kv2.1 N terminus may contribute, alongside with the interaction of syntaxin with Kv2.1 C terminus, to the activity dependence of DCV release.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18542995