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Characterization of mice with a combined suppression of I(to) and I(K,slow).

M Brunner, W Guo, G F Mitchell, P D Buckett, J M Nerbonne, G Koren

Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2001 Sep , 281, H1201-9

Cardiac-specific expression of a truncated Kv1.1 polypeptide (Kv1DN) attenuates the slow inactivating outward K(+) current (I(K,slow)), increases action potential duration (APD) and Q-T intervals, and induces spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias. Expression of the pore mutant of Kv4.2 (Kv4DN) eliminates the fast component of the transient outward current (I(to)) and prolongs APDs and Q-T intervals markedly; however, no arrhythmias are seen in Kv4DN mice, suggesting that APD and Q-T prolongation are not per se proarrhythmic. To test this hypothesis, the Kv1DN and Kv4DN lines were crossbred to produce animals (Kv1/Kv4DN) expressing both transgenes in an identical genetic background. Whole cell voltage-clamp recordings from left ventricular apex cells confirmed that in Kv1/Kv4DN left ventricular apex cells, both components (fast and slow) of I(to) and the 4-aminopyridine-sensitive component of I(K,slow) are eliminated, resulting in marked APD prolongation compared with wild-type, Kv1DN, or Kv4DN cells. Telemetric electrocardiogram monitoring (n = 10 mice/group) revealed a significant prolongation of Q-Tc and P-R intervals in Kv1/Kv4DN animals compared with Kv1DN or Kv4DN animals. Spontaneous arrhythmias were observed mainly in Kv1DN mice. Thus the attenuation of fast I(to) in addition to I(K,slow) in Kv1/Kv4DN mice causes significant prolongation of APD and Q-T intervals and attenuation of spontaneous arrhythmias.