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Determinants involved in Kv1 potassium channel folding in the endoplasmic reticulum, glycosylation in the Golgi, and cell surface expression.

J Zhu, I Watanabe, B Gomez, W B Thornhill

J. Biol. Chem., 2001 Oct 19 , 276, 39419-27

Kv1.1 and Kv1.4 potassium channels are expressed as mature glycosylated proteins in brain, whereas they exhibited striking differences in degree of trans-Golgi glycosylation conversion and high cell surface expression when they were transiently expressed as homomers in cell lines. Kv1.4 exhibited a 70% trans-Golgi glycosylation conversion, whereas Kv1.1 showed none, and Kv1.4 exhibited a approximately 20-fold higher cell surface expression level as compared with Kv1.1. Chimeras between Kv1.4 and Kv1.1 and site-directed mutants were constructed to identify amino acid determinants that affected these processes. Truncating the cytoplasmic C terminus of Kv1.4 inhibited its trans-Golgi glycosylation and high cell surface expression (as shown by Li, D., Takimoto, K., and Levitan, E. S. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 11597-11602), whereas truncating this region on Kv1.1 did not affect either of these events, indicating that its C terminus is not a negative determinant for these processes. Exchanging the C terminus between these channels showed that there are other regions of the protein that exert a positive or negative effect on these processes. Chimeric constructs between Kv1.4 and Kv1.1 identified their outer pore regions as major positive and negative determinants, respectively, for both trans-Golgi glycosylation and cell surface expression. Site-directed mutagenesis identified a number of amino acids in the pore region that are involved in these processes. These data suggest that there are multiple positive and negative determinants on both Kv1.4 and Kv1.1 that affect channel folding, trans-Golgi glycosylation conversion, and cell surface expression.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11487588