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Expression of voltage-gated potassium channels Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 in human gliomas.

Katja Preussat, Christian Beetz, Michael Schrey, Robert Kraft, Stefan Wölfl, Rolf Kalff, Stephan Patt

Neurosci. Lett., 2003 Jul 31 , 346, 33-6

K(+) channels play an important role in glial cell proliferation and are functionally expressed in glial tumors. Because voltage-gated K(+) channel (Kv) subtypes Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 have been shown to contribute to growth-related properties of normal glia rather specifically, we investigated different human glioma samples for the expression of these channel subtypes using reverse transcriptase-PCR. Kv1.5 expression correlated with glioma entities and malignancy grades, i.e. expression was high in astrocytomas, moderate in oligodendrogliomas, and low in glioblastomas. No such correlation was evident for Kv1.3 expression. This study shows a clear differential expression of Kv1.5 in gliomas according to subtype and malignancy grade. This result corresponds to previous data on the expression of voltage-gated sodium channels in gliomas, which likewise showed a low or absent expression of channel subtypes in high-grade tumors.