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Contributions of Kv1.2, Kv1.5 and Kv2.1 subunits to the native delayed rectifier K(+) current in rat mesenteric artery smooth muscle cells.

Yanjie Lu, Salma T Hanna, Guanghua Tang, Rui Wang

Life Sci., 2002 Aug 9 , 71, 1465-73

A large array of voltage-gated K(+) channel (Kv) genes has been identified in vascular smooth muscle tissues. This molecular diversity underlies the vast repertoire of native Kv channels that regulate the excitability of vascular smooth muscle tissues. The contributions of different Kv subunit gene products to the native Kv currents are poorly understood in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). In the present study, Kv subunit-specific antibodies were applied intracellularly to selectively block various Kv channel subunits and the whole-cell outward Kv currents were recorded using the patch-clamp technique in rat mesenteric artery SMCs. Anti-Kv1.2 antibody (8 microg/ml) inhibited the Kv currents by 29.2 +/- 5.9% (n = 6, P < 0.05), and anti-Kv1.5 antibody (6 microg/ml) by 24.5 +/- 2.6% (n = 7, P < 0.05). Anti-Kv2.1 antibody inhibited the Kv currents in a concentration-dependent fashion (4-20 microg/ml). Co-application of antibodies against Kv1.2 and Kv2.1 (8 microg/ml each) induced an additive inhibition of Kv currents by 42.3 +/- 3.1% (n = 7, P < 0.05). In contrast, anti-Kv1.3 antibody (6 microg/ml) did not have any effect on the native Kv current (n = 6, P > 0.05). A control antibody (anti-GIRK1) also had no effect on the native Kv currents. This study demonstrates that Kv1.2, Kv1.5, and Kv2.1 subunit genes all contribute to the formation of the native Kv channels in rat mesenteric artery SMCs.