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Dihydropyridine Ca2+ channel antagonists and agonists block Kv4.2, Kv4.3 and Kv1.4 K+ channels expressed in HEK293 cells.

Noriyuki Hatano, Susumu Ohya, Katsuhiko Muraki, Wayne Giles, Yuji Imaizumi

Br. J. Pharmacol., 2003 Jun , 139, 533-44

(1) We have determined the molecular basis of nicardipine-induced block of cardiac transient outward K(+) currents (I(to)). Inhibition of I(to) was studied using cloned voltage-dependent K(+) channels (Kv) channels, rat Kv4.3L, Kv4.2, and Kv1.4, expressed in human embryonic kidney cell line 293 (HEK293) cells. (2) Application of the dihydropyridine Ca(2+) channel antagonist, nicardipine, accelerated the inactivation rate and reduced the peak amplitude of Kv4.3L currents in a concentration-dependent manner (IC(50): 0.42 micro M). The dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca(2+) channel agonist, Bay K 8644, also blocked this K(+) current (IC(50): 1.74 micro M). (3) Nicardipine (1 micro M) slightly, but significantly, shifted the voltage dependence of activation and steady-state inactivation to more negative potentials, and also slowed markedly the recovery from inactivation of Kv4.3L currents. (4) Coexpression of K(+) channel-interacting protein 2 (KChIP2) significantly slowed the inactivation of Kv4.3L currents as expected. However, the features of DHP-induced block of K(+) current were not substantially altered. (5) Nicardipine exhibited similar block of Kv1.4 and Kv4.2 channels stably expressed in HEK293 cells; IC(50)'s were 0.80 and 0.62 micro M, respectively. (6) Thus, at submicromolar concentrations, DHP Ca(2+) antagonist and agonist inhibit Kv4.3L and have similar inhibiting effects on other components of cardiac I(to), Kv4.2 and Kv1.4.