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Direct interaction of target SNAREs with the Kv2.1 channel. Modal regulation of channel activation and inactivation gating.

Izhak Michaelevski, Dodo Chikvashvili, Sharon Tsuk, Dafna Singer-Lahat, Youhou Kang, Michal Linial, Herbert Y Gaisano, Oded Fili, Ilana Lotan

J. Biol. Chem., 2003 Sep 5 , 278, 34320-30

Previously we suggested that interaction between voltage-gated K+ channels and protein components of the exocytotic machinery regulated transmitter release. This study concerns the interaction between the Kv2.1 channel, the prevalent delayed rectifier K+ channel in neuroendocrine and endocrine cells, and syntaxin 1A and SNAP-25. We recently showed in islet beta-cells that the Kv2.1 K+ current is modulated by syntaxin 1A and SNAP-25. Here we demonstrate, using co-immunoprecipitation and immunocytochemistry analyses, the existence of a physical interaction in neuroendocrine cells between Kv2.1 and syntaxin 1A. Furthermore, using concomitant co-immunoprecipitation from plasma membranes and two-electrode voltage clamp analyses in Xenopus oocytes combined with in vitro binding analysis, we characterized the effects of these interactions on the Kv2.1 channel gating pertaining to the assembly/disassembly of the syntaxin 1A/SNAP-25 (target (t)-SNARE) complex. Syntaxin 1A alone binds strongly to Kv2.1 and shifts both activation and inactivation to hyperpolarized potentials. SNAP-25 alone binds weakly to Kv2.1 and probably has no effect by itself. Expression of SNAP-25 together with syntaxin 1A results in the formation of t-SNARE complexes, with consequent elimination of the effects of syntaxin 1A alone on both activation and inactivation. Moreover, inactivation is shifted to the opposite direction, toward depolarized potentials, and its extent and rate are attenuated. Based on these results we suggest that exocytosis in neuroendocrine cells is tuned by the dynamic coupling of the Kv2.1 channel gating to the assembly status of the t-SNARE complex.