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Phosphorylation of the A-kinase-anchoring protein Yotiao contributes to protein kinase A regulation of a heart potassium channel.

Lei Chen, Junko Kurokawa, Robert S Kass

J. Biol. Chem., 2005 Sep 9 , 280, 31347-52

Regulation of the heart by the sympathetic nervous system, fundamental to the physiological response to stress and exercise, requires coordinated phosphorylation of multiple downstream molecular targets, including the I(Ks) (slowly activating potassium current) channel. Sympathetic nervous system stimulation increases intracellular cAMP for which targeted regulation is directed in large part by distinct scaffold or anchoring proteins. Yotiao is an A-kinase-anchoring protein (AKAP) that recruits the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A (PKA)) and protein phosphatase 1 to the carboxyl terminus of the I(Ks) channel to form a molecular complex and control its phosphorylation state, crucial to the cardiac cellular response to sympathetic nervous system stimulation. Here we report that Yotiao itself is a substrate for PKA phosphorylation, and we identify a Yotiao amino-terminal (N-T) residue (Ser-43) that is PKA-phosphorylated in response to beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation. The replacement of Ser-43 by Ala ablates the PKA phosphorylation of N-T Yotiao and markedly diminishes the functional response of the wild type and pseudo-phosphorylated I(Ks) channel to cAMP but neither prevents the PKA phosphorylation of KCNQ1 nor its binding to Yotiao. These results suggest, for the first time, a critical role for the PKA phosphorylation of an AKAP in the functional regulation of an ion channel protein and postphosphorylation allosteric modulation of the I(Ks) channel by Yotiao.