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Down-regulation of miR-1/miR-133 contributes to re-expression of pacemaker channel genes HCN2 and HCN4 in hypertrophic heart.

Xiaobin Luo, Huixian Lin, Zhengwei Pan, Jiening Xiao, Yong Zhang, Yanjie Lu, Baofeng Yang, Zhiguo Wang

J. Biol. Chem., 2008 Jul 18 , 283, 20045-52

Cardiac hypertrophy is characterized by electrical remolding with increased risk of arrhythmogenesis. Enhanced abnormal automaticity of ventricular cells contributes critically to hypertrophic arrhythmias. The pacemaker current I(f), carried by the hyperpolarization-activated channels encoded mainly by the HCN2 and HCN4 genes in the heart, plays an important role in determining cardiac automaticity. Their expressions reportedly increase in hypertrophic and failing hearts, contributing to arrhythmogenesis under these conditions. We performed a study on post-transcriptional regulation of expression of HCN2 and HCN4 genes by microRNAs. We experimentally established HCN2 as a target for repression by the muscle-specific microRNAs miR-1 and miR-133 and established HCN4 as a target for miR-1 only. We unraveled robust increases in HCN2 and HCN4 protein levels in a rat model of left ventricular hypertrophy and in angiotensin II-induced neonatal ventricular hypertrophy. The up-regulation of HCN2/HCN4 was accompanied by pronounced reduction of miR-1/miR-133 levels. Forced expression of miR-1/miR-133 by transfection prevented overexpression of HCN2/HCN4 in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes. The serum-responsive factor protein level was found significantly decreased in hypertrophic hearts, and silencing of this protein by RNA interference resulted in increased levels of miR-1/miR-133 and concomitant increases in HCN2 and HCN4 protein levels. We conclude that down-regulation of miR-1 and miR-133 expression contributes to re-expression of HCN2/HCN4 and thereby the electrical remodeling process in hypertrophic hearts. Our study also sheds new light on the cellular function and pathological role of miR-1/miR-133 in the heart.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18458081