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Zn2+ regulates Kv2.1 voltage-dependent gating and localization following ischemia.

Mandar A Aras, Robert A Saadi, Elias Aizenman

Eur. J. Neurosci., 2009 Dec , 30, 2250-7

The delayed-rectifier K(+) channel Kv2.1 exists in highly phosphorylated somatodendritic clusters. Ischemia induces rapid Kv2.1 dephosphorylation and a dispersal of these clusters, accompanied by a hyperpolarizing shift in their voltage-dependent activation kinetics. Transient modulation of Kv2.1 activity and localization following ischemia is dependent on a rise in intracellular Ca(2+)and the protein phosphatase calcineurin. Here, we show that neuronal free Zn(2+)also plays a critical role in the ischemic modulation of Kv2.1. We found that sub-lethal ischemia in cultured rat cortical neurons led to characteristic hyperpolarizing shifts in K(+) current voltage dependency and pronounced dephosphorylation of Kv2.1. Zn(2+)chelation, similar to calcineurin inhibition, attenuated ischemic induced changes in K(+) channel activation kinetics. Zn(2+)chelation during ischemia also blocked Kv2.1 declustering. Surprisingly, we found that the Zn(2+)rise following ischemia occurred in spite of calcineurin inhibition. Therefore, a calcineurin-independent rise in neuronal free Zn(2+) is critical in altering Kv2.1 channel activity and localization following ischemia. The identification of Zn(2+) in mediating ischemic modulation of Kv2.1 may lead to a better understanding of cellular adaptive responses to injury.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20092568