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[Gene mutation analysis of a Chinese family of congenital long Q-T syndrome type three.]

Rui-Ming Shi, Ai-Qun Ma, Yan-min Zhang, Chen Huang, Xi-Hui Zhou, Xiao-Hong Liu

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi, 2009 Dec , 47, 926-30

OBJECTIVE: The congenital long QT syndrome (LQTs) is a hereditary disorder in which most affected family members have delayed ventricular repolarization manifested on the electrocardiogram (ECG) as QT interval prolongation. The disorder is associated with an increased propensity to arrhythmogenic syncope, polymorphous ventricular tachycardia (torsade de pointes), and sudden arrhythmic death. LQTs is due to mutations involving principally the myocyte ion-channels, and this monogenetic disorder has an autosomal inheritance pattern. This study investigated the gene mutation of a Chinese family of LQTs with multiple phenotypes including dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and cardiac conduction defects, thus to understand the molecular pathogenesis of the diseases. METHODS: A three-generation Chinese LQTs family with multiple phenotypes was investigated. Blood sample was collected from the 8 family members and 100 unassociated normal individuals. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-DNA direct sequencing was performed to screen all exons and their flanking introns of SCN5A gene for mutation analysis. Polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) was used to exclude polymorphism. RESULTS: PCR amplification and subsequent direct sequencing of SCN5A from proband revealed a heterozygous deletion of nine base pairs (CAGAAGCCC) in exon 26, corresponding to the three amino acid residues Gln1507-Lys1508-Pro1509 (QKP). This mutation is localized in the linker region between DIII-DIV of SCN5A. The same mutation was found in another patient (her grandmother) and excluded in the remaining living subjects in this family. This mutation was confirmed using SSCP in 100 unassociated healthy individuals. Similar analysis excluded possible mutations that would lead to amino acid changes in KCNQ1, KCNH2 and LAMIN A/C commonly associated with LQTs and DCM with conduction disorders, no new mutations that would lead to amino acid changes was found. CONCLUSION: The result of the present study suggests that SCN5A mutation delQKP1507-1509 exists in patients with LQTs. The delQKP1507-1509 of SCN5A is a novel mutation in Chinese people. The same mutation was previously reported in a French family with only a single LQTs phenotype. Further studies on functional expression of SCN5A mutation delQKP1507-1509 will be helpful to understand the mechanism of the multiple phenotypes.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20193146