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[Effects of amiodarone on funny current I(f) channel gene expression in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes]

Hong-xia Li, Xiang-jun Yang, Lian-hua Han, Ya-Feng Zhou, Xin Zhao, Bin Jiang, Ning-Zheng Dong, Jian-ping Song, Zhi-hua Liu, Wen-ping Jiang

, 2007 May , 35, 466-70

OBJECTIVE: To analysis the effect of amiodarone on funny current (I(f)) and hyperpolarization-activated cation channel (HCN) gene expressions of the neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. METHODS: Ventricular myocytes of 1 - 3 days-old rats were isolated and cultured. The cardiomyocytes were treated by amiodarone (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 micromol/L) for 3 hours or amiodaron (10 micromol/L) for 0, 0.5, 1, 3, 6 hours. The I(f) and HCN 1 - 4 gene expressions were measured through the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) using SYBR Green PCR kit. RESULTS: (1) HCN1, HCN2, HCN3 and HCN4 represented (0.23 +/- 0.01)%, (83.58 +/- 0.04)%, (0.79 +/- 0.01)% and (15.44 +/- 0.01)% of total HCN mRNA, respectively. (2) Amiodaron resulted in a dose-dependent I(f) [(3.1 +/- 0.9)%, (9.7 +/- 2.4)%, (36.7 +/- 5.8)%, (80.3 +/- 1.8)% and (85.9 +/- 3.1)%, respectively at -145 mV, IC(50) (1.32 +/- 0.28) micromol/L], HCN2 [(2.1 +/- 0.8)%, (8.9 +/- 3.6)%, (30.1 +/- 4.2)%, (78.3 +/- 3.6)% and (81.1 +/- 1.9)%, respectively] and HCN4 decrease [(0.5 +/- 0.2)%, (2.1 +/- 2.6)%, (8.8 +/- 3.2)%, (60.1 +/- 4.6)% and (59.6 +/- 6.5)%, respectively]. (3) Amiodaron (10 micromol/L) also induced a time-dependent I(f) [(1.1 +/- 0.1)%, (12.6 +/- 2.3)%, (80.6 +/- 2.2)% and (80.1 +/- 2.1)%, respectively], HCN2 [(1.0 +/- 0.1)%, (9.8 +/- 3.9)%, (82.9 +/- 4.6)% and (83.9 +/- 1.7)%, respectively] and HCN4 decrease [(0.1 +/- 0.1)%, (1.9 +/- 1.1)%, (59.4 +/- 7.8)% and (60.9 +/- 3.1)%, respectively]. However, HCN1 and HCN3 expressions were not affected by amiodaron treatment. CONCLUSION: Current density of I(f) and the expression of HCN2 and HCN4 were decreased by amiodaron which might be the possible antiarrhythmic working mechanisms of amiodaron.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17711693