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The G314S KCNQ1 mutation exerts a dominant-negative effect on expression of KCNQ1 channels in oocytes.

Wei Li, Rong Du, Qiu-fen Wang, Li Tian, Jun-Guo Yang, Zi-Fang Song

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2009 May 29 , 383, 206-9

Congenital long QT syndrome is a cardiac disorder characterized by prolongation of QT interval on the surface ECG associated with syncopal attacks and a high risk of sudden death. Mutations in the voltage-gated potassium channel subunit KCNQ1 induce the most common form of long QT syndrome (LQT1). We previously identified a hot spot mutation G314S located within the pore region of the KCNQ1 ion channel in a Chinese family with long QT syndrome. In the present study, we used oocyte expression of the KCNQ1 polypeptide to study the effects of the G314S mutation on channel properties. The results of electrophysiological studies indicate G314S, co-expressed with KCNE1 was unable to assemble to form active channel. G314S, co-expressed with WT KCNQ1 and KCNE1, suppressed I(ks) currents in a dominant-negative manner, which is consistent with long QT syndrome in the members of the Chinese family carrying G314S KCNQ1 mutation.