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cacng5

calcium channel, voltage-dependent, gamma subunit 5
Synonyms: cacng5. Symbol: Cacng5

Introductions


The protein encoded by CACNG5 (also known as MGC126656; MGC126682) is a type II transmembrane AMPA receptor regulatory protein (TARP). TARPs regulate both trafficking and channel gating of the AMPA receptors. This gene is part of a functionally diverse eight-member protein subfamily of the PMP-22/EMP/MP20 family and is located in a cluster with two family members, a type I TARP and a calcium channel gamma subunit. This gene is a susceptibility locus for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/27091

Genes


Phylogenetic analysis suggests that all c subunits evolved from a single ancestral gene through tandem repeat and chromosome duplication (Burgesse [1312], Chu [1311]). Based on sequence homology and chromosomal linkage the c subunits can be divided into three clusters: (c1, c6), (c5, c7), and (c2, c3, c4, c8) (Burgesse [1312], Chu [1311]). See also the phylogenetic tree, fig.2 in Black [478].

c5 and c7 are encoded by five exons in contrast to all other c subunits, which are encoded by four exons (Moss [1336], Chu [1311]). A protein originally identified as mouse c5 (Klugbauer [1328]) is currently named transmembrane protein 37 (Tmem37, NCBI database). Although Tmem37 is also a tetraspanin protein with the GLW motif characteristic of the pfam0082 protein family, its gene consists of only two exons, indicating a divergence from other c subunit genes during evolution. Based on phylogenetic evidence, Chu et al. proposed that Tmem37 should not be considered a member of the calcium channel c family (Chu [1311]). This conclusion is further supported by the observation that Tmem37 does not share the chromosomal linkage to c4 and c1 in human (Burgess [1313]), mouse and rat (Chu [1311]) that is seen for c5 (Table 2 in Chen [1310]).

Cacng5 : calcium channel, voltage-dependent, gamma subunit 5

RGD ID Chromosome Position Species
628805 10 97300594-97309023 Rat
734379 11 107735919-107772676 Mouse
734378 17 64873451-64881357 Human

Transcripts


Acc No Sequence Length Source
NM_080693 NCBI
NM_080644 NCBI
NM_001199301 NCBI
NM_145811 NCBI
NM_014404 NCBI

Ontologies


Accession Name Definition Evidence

Interactions


Proteins


Structures


The eight calcium channel c subunits share a predicted structure that includes four transmembrane domains with intracellular N- and C- termini (Fig. 1 in Chen [1310]). They are members of a large protein superfamily (pfam00822, a subset of the tetraspanin supergroup) that also includes claudins, proteins that are important components of tight junctions in epithelia. The c subunits share with the claudins a conserved GLW motif of unknown significance in the first extracellular loop. Chen [1310]

The c5 and c7 subunits are highly expressed in brain tissue and lack a C-terminal PDZ-binding motif in comparison to other gamma subunits (Chu [1311], Moss [1336]).

c5, c7: c5, and c7 are palmitoylated at both the N- and C- termini. Additionally, their C-terminal tails contain tyrosine phosphorylation sites. Chen [1310]

Distributions


Expressions


Functionals


Earlier studies on mouse c5 used a protein that is currently identified as Tmem37 (Table 2 in Chen [1310]). Tmem37 did subtly accelerate calcium current activation and inactivation in heterologous expression system (Klugbauer [1328], Lacinova [106]).

Kinetics


Models


References


[1335 : 21057379]
[1310 : 17652770]
[1311 : 11738816]
[1312 : 11170751]
[478 : 15000525]
[1336 : 11927536]
[1328 : 10734232]
[106 : 15111129]
[1313 : 10613843]

Credits